The Loop Family in America
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CHAPTER 2 -- Anthony Lüpp of Germany
Anthony LÜPP [Jakob Lüpp, Martin Lüpp, August Lüppe, Christian Lopen]. Almost all the Loop's, Loope's, Leupp's, and Lupp's of America are descendants of Anthony Lüpp of Bach in the parish of Bad Marienberg in the Hesse-Nassau region of Germany. He was born in Bach, Hesse-Nassau in 1590 and died there in 1646. He was the patriarch of a large clan of Lüpp's which became established in the parish. From the German Genealogical Association we know something of his ancestry. He was the son of Jakob Lüpp and Katherine Müller (Threin Müller). Jakob Lüpp was born in Bach in 1561 the son of Martin Lüpp and Anna. He died there in 1623. His wife was the daughter of Henn Müller, born 1541 in Bach, and granddaughter of Anthony Müller, born 1510 in Bach. Martin Lüpp, born 1538 in Bach and died 1587 in Bach, was the son of August Luppe of Bach (Luppe zu de Bach Jost). August Luppe of Bach was the son of Christian Lopen (Lopen Crisge), born in 1480, whose mother's name was Veronica (Freygen).
By the early 1700's the Westerwald region (which contains Bad Marienberg parish) had become poverty stricken and overpopulated. Around 1724, the Lüpp's began to disperse in search of more promising circumstances, first to East Prussia where some stayed, and some returned, and then to America. By the late 1750's there were only a few Lüpp families remaining in the parish of Bad Marienberg. We do not know the name of Anthony Lüpp's wife. The extant parish registers of Bad Marienberg parish begin in 1646. Anthony has died by that time, as he is listed as deceased in the marriage records of his children. No death record appears for his wife after 1646, so that it is likely that she had died previously, though it is also possible that she remarried or moved elsewhere. Anthony had four sons that we know about:
+ Anthony (or Tönges)
+ Sebastian (or Bast)
+ August (or Jost)
It is likely that there were no other surviving sons, as had there been such, they would have shown up in the Bad Marienberg parish registers as early as age 14 as godparents for their nieces and nephews. These four sons produced for Anthony at least thirteen grandsons who lived to be married.
Most of the Lüpp's were farmers. Two or three of them, however, were schoolmasters or schoolteachers, and three brothers were silversmiths in New Jersey, which trade they may have learned in Germany. Anthony's sons and grandsons for the most part lived in the many little villages scattered around the parish town of Bad Marienberg. These towns were Pfuhl, Hof, Bach, Ritzhausen, Langenbach, Ilfurt, Fehl, Eichenstruth, Unnau, Erbach, and others. It appears to have been a tradition during that period that when a man married, he moved to his wife's town. Perhaps part of her dowry was some land or at least a livelihood working on the father-in-law's farm. Whenever a male Lüpp married a woman from another parish, he subsequently disappears from the Bad Marienberg parish records, though he might appear occasionally as a godparent for his relatives or friends.
We know of three lines of descent from Anthony Lüpp that lead to American immigrants (see the chart). Anthony's son Sebastian was the father of Jacob, who was the father of immigrants Christian, Gerlach, Martin, and Sebastian. Anthony's son August Lüpp, had a son Henrich, who had sons Henrich and Christian. Son Henrich (a schoolmaster), was the father of immigrant Ludwig Lupp. Son Christian was the father of immigrant Anthony Lupp. These few lines, which produced these six immigrants, account for most of the LUPP's, LOOP's and LEUPP's in America, then and now. We will now give some details of these lines. For the remainder of this chapter, persons known to have emigrated to America will be indicate with a red ">" before their numbers.
The children of Anthony LUPP, the common ancestor of most of the American Loop's, were:
+ 1. Anthony LUPP, b. 1610 in Bach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, m. (1) Barbara, surname unknown, who d. in 1667 in Bach. He is censused in Bach in 1650 with a wife and three children. He m. (2) 1670 in Bach, Anna Elizabeth, surname unknown, the widow of Hans Diederick SCHMIDT. Anthony LUPP d. December 28, 1677 in Pfuhl, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He had seven children (two sons and five daughters) by his first marriage.
+ 2. Dina LUPP, b. 1612 in Bach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. She m. 1632 Christian STEUP. They were censused in Bach in 1650 with four children, living next door to her brother Anthony. She d. October 1, 1670, in Bach. He d. there April 28, 1687.
+ 3. Christian LUPP, m. 1646, Anna, surname unknown, widow of Johannes BAKER. Christian LUPP was censused in Hof in 1650 with a wife and three children. He d. 1690 in Hof, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He had a son and four daughters by his wife, and an illegitimate son by Anna GIEL, probably after the death of his wife.
+ 4. Gutga LUPP, m. 1647, Christoffel ZAYLER. They are censused in 1650 in Marienberg, with one child, living near her brother Sebastian.
+ 5. Sebastian LUPP, m. (1) 1647, Eutga (Ann) ZAYLER in Bad Marienberg, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He m. (2) 1666 in Pfuhl, Gertrude MULLER. He d. 1702 in Pfuhl, Hesse-Nassau, Germany.
+ 6. August LUPP, m. 1648 in Bad Marienberg, Laýß PFEIFFER, daughter of Anthony PFEIFFER. He was buried in Bad Marienberg December 6, 1677. She was buried there May 18, 1683.
Sebastian LUPP [Anthony(1)] was probably born in Bach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He married his first wife Eutga ZAYLER in 1647 in Marienberg. They were living in Marienberg in 1650 with one child, near his father-in-law Johannes ZAYLER. His first wife died in 1664 in Fehl. In 1665 Sebastian was censused in Fehl, one of only three families in the village. He is listed with three sons, two daughters and a maid. The maid, Gertrude MULLER, became his second wife in 1666. She was the daughter of Christian MULLER of Neiderrosbach. Sebastian LUPP died in 1702 in Fehl. The children of Sebastian LUPP and his first wife Eutga ZAYLER were [note: the Marienberg parish records seem often to confuse the villages of Fehl and Pfuhl. The villages are only a few miles apart. It is likely that the children shown as being born in Pfuhl were all born in Fehl.]:
+ 1. Anthony LUPP, christened in 1648, b. in Marienberg, m. 1668 Anna-Kortal SCHMIDT.
+ 2. Maria LUPP, christened in 1651, b. in Marienberg.
+ 3. Elizabeth LUPP, christened in 1654, b. in Marienberg, m. 1673, Diederick KOLB.
+ 4. Christian LUPP, christened in 1656, b. in Pfuhl. Died 9 JUN 1678 in Pfuhl.
+ 5. Mathias LUPP, b. 1659 in Fehl, m. 1688 Elizabeth SCHULZ. He d. 16 MAR 1714 in Fehl.
+ 6. Anna Gertrude LUPP, christened in 1662, b. in Fehl, d. JUL 1664 in Pfuhl.
The children of Sebastian LUPP and his second wife Gertrude MULLER were:
+ 7. Anna LUPP, christened in 1667, b. in Fehl, m. 1691 Christoffel CRUMM.
+ 8. Johannes LUPP, christened in 1669, b. in Fehl, m. 1698 Anna Barbara RUBSAMEN.
+ 9. Johann Jacob LUPP, b. 1671 in Pfuhl, m. (1) 1694 Anna Elizabeth ROSS, m. (2) July 11, 1717, Anna Catherina SCHMIDT. He d. November 15, 1732, in Langenbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany.
+ 10. Johan Wilhelm LUPP, perhaps the son christened 1673, b. Fehl. Johan Wilhelm m. November 25, 1706, Anna Maria JUNG. They probably did not have any children.
+ 11. Christoffel LUPP, christened 1676, b. in Fehl. He was a Sergeant in the military. He m. June 11, 1706, Anna Elizabeth TURCK. They lived in Emmerichenhain.
+ 12. Heinrich LUPP, christened October 20, 1680, b. in Pfuhl. No more records have been found for him. He may have married in another parish and moved there. He is exactly the right age to be the Henry Lupp who shows up in England, May 6, 1709, on a list of Palatine immigrants.
+ 13. Anna Gertrude LUPP, christened 1683, b. in Pfuhl, m. in 1718 Heinrich HELD of Nisterberg.
+ 14. Christian LUPP, christened in 1685, b. in Pfuhl, m. 1709 Anna Catherina CLASEN.
August LUPP [Anthony(1)] was probably born in Bach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He married Layß PFEIFFER, in 1648 in Bad Marienberg. She was the daughter of Anthony PFEIFFER, of Hof. In the 1650 Beilstein census, August, his wife and child are listed in Hof, along with August's brother Christian and Layß's father. In the 1665 census, they are listed, still in Hof, with two sons and four daughters. August Lupp was buried in Bad Marienberg December 6, 1677. Layß was buried there May 18, 1683. The children of August LUPP and Layß PFEIFFER were:
+ 1. a female child, christened in 1649, b. in Hof, d. 1649.
· 2. a female, christened in 1651, b. in Hof, not mentioned in 1665 census. However, a daughter of Jost was buried in 1681. As she is not described as a child or as young, this implies probably an unmarried older daughter.
+ 3. Anna Elizabeth LUPP, christened in 1654, b. in Hof. She m. 1683, Christian OSTERMAN.
· 4. Anna Catherina LUPP, christened in 1655, b. in Hof. She m. 1678, Anthony KOLB.
+ 5. Henrich LUPP, christened in 1657, b. in Hof. He m. (1) Anna Maria HIßGE in 1683. He m. (2) Anna Catherina WIEDERSTEIN. He d. January 5, 1733.
· 6. Enchen LUPP, b. about 1659, if her age in the 1665 Beilstein census is accurate. However, no christening ever occurs for her in the Bad Marienberg Parish registers, unless she is the daughter christened in 1661. Enchen m. 1676, Mathias GERBER.
· 7. Christoffel LUPP, christened in 1660, b. in Hof. He m. (1) Agnes GIEL. He m. (2) Anna Kunigunda HAAS.
· 8. Maria LUPP, christened 1662, b. in Hof. She m. 1684, Johann Valentine JUNG.
· 9. Elsa LUPP, christened 1666, b. in Hof. She m. 1688, Paulus CRUM
· 10. Barbara LUPP, christened 1669, b. in Hof, d. 22 APR 1671
· 11. Gertrude LUPP, christened 1672, b. in Hof. She m. 1693, Johann Anthony SCHNEIDER.
Johann Jacob LUPP [Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)] was born in 1671 probably in Fehl. He married his first wife Anna Elizabeth ROSS in 1694. She was the daughter of Claus and Gertrude ROSS of Langenbach. Jacob and Elizabeth settled in Langenbach, where they had 12 children. She died there April 5, 1716, five days after the birth of her last child. Jacob married his second wife Anna Catherina SCHMIDT on July 17, 1717. She was the daughter of Christian SCHMIDT. They continued to live in Langenbach. But in 1724 they moved to East Prussia along with many of their fellow parishioners including several other LUPP families. East Prussia was a Baltic state that is now contained partly in the present-day Kaliningrad and partly in eastern Poland. By 1728, Jacob Lupp had left East Prussia and brought his family back to Langenbach. He died there November 15, 1732. Jacob Lupp fathered 15 children by his two wives. Only four of the children were males, but all of the males survived to produce families, and all four sons emigrated to America at early dates. For this reason, Jacob Lupp is probably a common ancestor of well over half of the Loop's in America. His widow Catherine came to America with her sons Martin and Sebastian. She died in Livingston, Columbia County, New York on December 12, 1750, and was buried there two days later. The children of Jacob LUPP and his first wife Anna Elizabeth ROSS were:
+ 2. Anna Maria LUPP, christened 1697, b. in Langenbach. She d. in 1699.
+ 4. Anna Maria LUPP, christened 1701, b. in Langenbach. She married Johann Phillip JUNGBLUT June 23, 1737, in Marienberg. Their last known child was born in 1750.
+ 5. Elizabeth Catherina LUPP, christened 1703, b. in Langenbach. She m. Martin SCHMIDT on November 15, 1723.
+ 6. Anna LUPP, christened May 28, 1704, b. in Langenbach. She d. July 21, 1704, at Langenbach.
+ 7. Anna LUPP, christened in 1705, b. in Langenbach. She d. December 23, 1705.
+ 8. Elizabeth Maria LUPP, christened 1708, b. in Langenbach. She m. Johann Anthony SEILER on April 29, 1733, at Bad Marienberg.
+ 9. a female, christened January 17, 1709, b. Langenbach. Her name is written in her baptism record as Elizabeth Maria but the name is written in a more modern hand and is probably in error. She d. May 24, 1710.
+ 10. Anna Barbara LUPP, christened June 17, 1711, b. in Langenbach. She d. May 24, 1713.
+ 11. Anna Catherina LUPP, christened 1714, b. in Langenbach. She was confirmed February 14, 1728. She m. Johann Henrich MENG October 21, 1742. Apparently Jacob had two daughters named Anna Catherina living at the same time but by two different wives. See child number 14, below.
+ 12. Anna Gertrude LUPP, christened March 31, 1716, b. in Langenbach. Her mother died five days later. She d. September 9, 1720.
The children of Jacob LUPP and his second wife Anna Catherina SCHMIDT were:
+ 14. Anna Catherina LUPP, christened January 26, 1720, b. in Langenbach. She d. October 21, 1736. Her burial record says she is Jacob's youngest daughter. See child number 11 above.
Henrich LUPP [August(2), Anthony(1)] the fifth child of August LUPP and Layß PFEIFFER was christened in 1657 at Marienberg and was probably born the same year in Hof. He is listed there with his family in the 1665 Beilstein census as the oldest son, age seven years. He married his first wife Anna Maria HIßGE in 1683, daughter of Johan HIßGE of Ritzhausen. She died quite likely in childbirth with her only child. He married his second wife Anna Catherina WIEDERSTEIN in 1692. They are censused in Hof in the 1711 Beilstein census. They are described as "poor in possessions". She died August 15, 1727, in Hof. He died January 5, 1733, in Hof and was buried two days later. The only child of Henrich LUPP and Anna Maria HIßGE was:
+ 1. Gertrude LUPP, christened 1690, b. in Hof. She m. March 29, 1714, to Johan Jacob CRUMM, a widower also from Hof.
The children of Henrich LUPP and his second wife Anna Catherina WIEDERSTEIN were:
+ 2. Johann Tonges LUPP, christened 1692, b. in Hof, d. April 4, 1694, in Hof.
+ 3. Johann Henrich LUPP, christened in 1695, b. in Hof, m. August 18, 1715, Anna Elizabeth RUBSAMEN.
+ 4. Johann Christian LUPP, b. prob. near 1697 in Hof. He m. 1724, Anna Maria SCHORN. He d. October 19, 1740, in Hof. She d. April 19, 1763, in Hof.
+ 5. Johann Frantz LUPP, March 14, 1705, b. in Hof. He d. June 22, 1727, in Hof.
+ 6. a female, christened 1709, b. in Hof. She d. February 19, 1715, in Hof.
+ 7. Johann Jost LUPP, d. July 3, 1727.
Anna Elizabeth LUPP [Johann Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the daughter of Johann Jacob LUPP and his second wife Anna Catherina SCHMIDT, was born in Langenbach and christened February 19, 1717. She was confirmed in 1731. She married Johann Martin COOPER, probably in Germany shortly before coming to New York. In 1737, she was listed as Anna Elisabeth KUPFER along with her sister-in-law Anna Maria LOEP as sponsors at the baptism in New York City for a child born at sea. They served as sponsors for two children in 1769 at Germantown, Columbia County, New York. The children of Martin COOPER and Anna Elisabeth LUPP were:
+ 1. Marie Liese (Elisabeth) COOPER, b. August 19, 1738, in Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, NY, and christened aged 3 weeks at Loonenburg Reformed Church.
+ 2. Jacob COOPER, christened April 15, 1740, at Rhinebeck Reformed Church, Dutchess County, NY, m. (1) Catherine MILHELM on December 20, 1763. He d. in 1811 at Clermont, Columbia County, NY.
+ 3. Maria Elizabeth COOPER, christened June 1, 1741, at Zion Reformed Church, Athens, Greene County, NY, m. John FREUND (VRIENT).
+ 4. Martin COOPER, christened December 12, 1742, at Rhinebeck Reformed Church, Dutchess County, NY, sponsored by Martin LOOP and Anna Margaret KUHN. He m. March 5, 1765, Regina KRUM, at Germantown. He d. in 1809, at Kinderhook, Columbia County, NY.
+ 5. Catherine COOPER (a twin), christened April 16, 1745, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, m. December 18, 1763, Godfrey KERNER, at Germantown.
+ 6. Anna Margaret COOPER (a twin), christened April 16, 1745, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, sponsored by George KILMER (husband of Eva LOOP) and Anna Margaret KUHN.
+ 7. Christian COOPER, christened January 11, 1747, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY.
+ 8. Rebecca COOPER, christened January 1, 1748, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, m. David SCHULTZ.
+ 9. Magdalena COOPER, c. March 26, 1749, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, m. December 23, 1770, Phillip DEDERICK.
+ 10. Christina COOPER (probable daughter) m. John HECHST.
+ 11. Peter COOPER, christened May 19, 1755, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, sponsored by Peter LOPE (LOOP probably) and Anna CILMAN.
+ 12. Henry COOPER, c. April 17, 1757, at Germantown Reformed Church, Columbia County, NY, m. Margaret KAMMER.
Johann Henrich LUPP [Henrich, August(2), Anthony(1)] was the third child of Henrich LUPP of Hof by his second wife Anna Catherina WIEDERSTEIN. He was christened in 1695 in Marienberg and was probably born that year in Hof. He was confirmed in 1708. In the 1711 Beilstein census he is listed in Hof with his father and is described as single and 13 years old. He married on August 18, 1715, Anna Elizabeth RUBSAMEN, daughter of Henrich RUBSAMEN of Hof. Johann Henrich Lupp was a schoolmaster, and a much respected man in the parish. He was asked to serve as godfather for many children in the parish, not just for those of relatives as was typical. No death record has yet been found for him. In "Ministers of the German Reformed Congregations in Pennsylvania" (Hinke, 1951) is described a sermon-book, copyright 1752, that contains the German inscription "1763, May 12th, ascension day, written by me John Henry Lupp, schoolmaster in the court parish." This book had come into the possession of his son Ludwig by 1790. He was still appearing in the Marienberg parish registers as late as 1769, and so is almost certainly not the Henrich Lupp who arrived in Philadelphia in 1754. The children of Johann Henrich LUPP and his wife Anna Elizabeth RUBSAMEN were:
+ 1. Johann August LUPP, christened November 22, 1716, b. in Hof. He d. there October 15, 1717.
+ 2. Maria Margaret LUPP, christened December 14, 1718, b. in Hof. She was confirmed in 1734. She m. May 11, 1738, Frantz KOLB.
+ 3. Johann August LUPP, christened 1720, b. in Hof. He m. Anna Elizabeth SCHURG.
+ 4. Johann Christian LUPP, christened 1722, b. in Hof, d. September 3, 1722 in Hof.
+ 5. Anna Elizabeth LUPP, christened November 5, 1723, b. in Hof. Confirmed 1748. She m. January 22, 1748, Joh. Bast STEUPP, a widower from Hof.
+ 6. Johann Henrich LUPP, christened February 6, 1726, b. in Hof, d. May 11, 1728, in Hof.
+ 7. Anna Catherina LUPP, christened October 15, 1728, d. June 23, 1729, in Hof.
+ 8. Anna Maria, christened 1730, d. August 15, 1733, in Hof.
> 9. Ludwig Christian LUPP, b. January 7, 1733, in Hof, m. (1) a woman whose name we do not know. He m. (2) Anna Maria SPATH in 1756, and m. (3) Catherine PETERS on February 1, 1796. He emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1753. He d. June 28, 1798, in Lebanon, PA. [See Chapter 7]
+ 10. Johann Friedrich LUPP, b. June 13, 1736, christened June 24, 1736, m. March 27, 1768, Anna Maria UHR, daughter of Christian UHR. She was b. April 20, 1750 and d. November 21, 1791.
+ 11. Johann Anthony LUPP, b. February 24, 1739, in Hof, christened March 3, 1739, d. May 4, 1740 in Marienberg.
+ 12. a male, d. December 5, 1749.
Johann Christian LUPP [Henrich(3), August(2), Anthony(1)] was the fourth child of Henrich LUPP of Hof by his second wife Anna Catherina WIEDERSTEIN. He was probably born near 1697 in Hof. He was confirmed in 1711. Children were usually confirmed when they were about 14 years old. He married in 1724 Anna Maria SCHORN. They appear to have had trouble having children as only one child appears in the baptismal records. Two other children were buried, perhaps having died before being christened. Johann Christian LUPP died October 19, 1740, in Hof. His widow died April 19, 1763, in Hof. Three years after she died, their only surviving child, Anthony, left for America with his family. The children of Johann Christian LUPP and Anna Maria SCHORN were:
> 1. Johann Anthony LUPP, b. February 6, 1733, in Hof, christened in Marienberg February 18, 1733. He was confirmed April 12, 1748. He m. (1) October 22, 1758, Anna Catherina DENCKER. They emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1766. She was buried July 29, 1778, He m. (2) December 8, 1778, Susanna PETER in Lehigh County, PA. She was the widow of Rudolph PETER. [See Chapter 8]
+ 2. a child , d. November 9, 1735,
+ 3. a male, d. October 17, 1737.
Copyright © 1994-2012 Victor L. Bennison