The Loop Family in America

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CHAPTER 4 -- Gerlach Lupp of New Jersey

Gerlach LUPP [Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)]. For over a century it was mistakenly believed by Loop family researchers that Gerlach Lupp was the patriarch of the New York Loop's as well as the New Jersey Lupp's. For this reason, there is a certain magic to the name of Gerlach Lupp for most of us who research the Loop family. Gerlach Lupp was born in Langenbach in the parish of Bad Marienberg in 1699. His parents were Jacob LUPP and Anna Elisabeth ROSS. He was the brother of Christian Lupp and the half brother of Martin and Sebastian Lupp, all New York immigrants. On February 17, 1723, Gerlach married Anna Veronica KEMPEL of Vielbach in the parish of Nordhof, also in the Hesse-Nassau region. She was the daughter of Christian KEMPEL and Anna Maria STAAT. Following tradition, the couple went to live in Vielbach, the town of the bride's family. There they had six sons and one daughter. Three of the sons died young, as did the daughter. The surviving sons came with their father to Philadelphia on two different voyages of the same ship, the Two Brothers, under Captain Thomas Arnot. Son Peter arrived in September, 1749. Gerlach and sons John and Christian arrived two years later in September, 1751. Peter and John both married in New Jersey. As no marriage record appears for Christian in the Nordhof parish registers, it is likely he also married in New Jersey. Sometime after their arrival in Philadephia, Gerlach and his family settled in Amwell Township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Gerlach's son Christian died there in 1763, leaving a will in which he mentions his brothers John and Peter. Gerlach, John, Peter, and Christian's son Jacob appear in the Amwell tax records in 1778-1780. Unfortunately, the reformed church records for Amwell were destroyed in a fire. We don't know when or where Gerlach Lupp or his wife died, nor, indeed, whether his wife ever made it to America, though no death record appears for her in Nordhof. Gerlach probably died after 1766, however, when he is mentioned in the will of neighbor Caspar Michel Stapel of Amwell.

Nordhoff church

The children of Gerlach LUPP and Anna Veronica KEMPEL were:

+        1.  Christian LUPP, b. 1724 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, m. Maria, surname unknown. He d. between January and May, 1763, in Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, NJ.

+        2.  Johann Peter LUPP, b. 1725 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, christened in Nordhof on August 12, 1725, d. April 22, 1727, in Vielbach.

+        3.  Henrich LUPP, b. 1726 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, christened December 22, 1726, in Nordhof, d. April 7, 1727, in Vielbach.

+        4.  Johann Peter LUPP, b. 1728 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, m. Phoebe OGDEN. He d. February 22, 1807, in Somerset County, NJ.

+        5.  John LUPP, b. October 14, 1734, in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, m. Anna Maria GRAFF, January 21, 1766, in NJ. He d. October 6, 1805, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

+        6.  Anna Maria LUPP, b. 1730 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, christened August 20, 1730, in Nordhoff, d. April 13, 1736, in Vielbach.

+        7.  Adam LUPP, b. 1733 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany, and christened that year in Nordhoff, d. January 14, 1735, in Vielbach.

Christian LUPP [Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1), the first child of Gerlach LUPP and Anna Veronica KEMPEL, was born in 1724 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. He was christened at the parish church in Nordhoff on February 27, 1724. He was 27 years old when he arrived in Philadelphia with his father and brothers. He married a woman named Maria, probably after his arrival. He died only 12 years later, at the age of 39, leaving a will in which he mentions his wife, brothers John and Peter, and children Jacob, Christian, Elizabeth, and Maria, in that order. He specifically states that Maria is the youngest daughter. It is probable that Jacob is the oldest son, but beyond that we do not know the order of birth. His executors are Phillip Kempel (probably an uncle), his brother Peter, and his wife Maria. Although in his will he is listed as being of Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, he bequeaths his wife and children land in Sussex County, in northwestern New Jersey, a total of 746 acres, possibly more.

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The children of Christian LUPP and his wife Maria were:

+        1.  Jacob LUPP, b. September 22, 1756, probably in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, d. November 29, 1794, and is buried in Sussex County, NJ.

+        2.  Christopher or Christian LUPP, b. about 1758, probably in Hunterdon County, NJ, and d. in Sussex County, NJ, about March, 1812.

+        3.  Elizabeth LUPP, d. after 1763.

+        4.  Maria LUPP, d. after 1763.

Peter LUPP [Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the fourth child of Gerlach LUPP and Anna Veronica KEMPEL, was born in 1728 in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany. In March, 1749, he serves as a sponsor for a child born in Vielbach. He must have left shortly thereafter, for he arrived in Philadelphia in September, 1749. He probably settled originally in Amwell, but by 1760 was living in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey, when his son Henry was born. He married, before 1760, Phoebe OGDEN, daughter of Benjamin OGDEN. She died probably quite young, but at least before 1790 when Benjamin Ogden of South River, Middlesex County, New Jersey, in his will does not include her as a surviving daughter, but instead mentions her son Henry LUPP. Peter and Phoebe apparently had only two children, one son and one daughter, who survived to bear children. Peter Lupp listed himself as a clockmaker in his will. A grandfather clock made by him in 1762 is exhibited at the Buccleuch Mansion, in New Brunswick, New Jersey (see photo). He was also a silversmith. He became a naturalized citizen in 1770. He suffered losses to the British in the period 1776 to 1777 during the Revolution, for which he was compensated in the amount of £55.6.3. In 1882 a newspaper advertisement lists to be sold "a set of black smith's tools, at Peter Lupp's, near Ringo's old tavern in Amwell, Hunterdon County." Peter made his will in 1802. He d. February 22, 1807, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

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The children of Peter LUPP and his wife Phoebe OGDEN were:

+        1.  Henry LUPP, b. July 16, 1760, and christened July 27, 1760, at New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ, m. August 16, 1788, Mary VICKERS. He d. November 26, 1800, and is buried in Christ Churchyard, New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

+        2.  Nancy LUPP, m. near March 11, 1788, Capt. John HASSARD. She d. before 1802, having one daughter Mary Ann HASSARD, who was not 21 in 1802.

John LUPP [Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the fifth child of Gerlach LUPP and Anna Veronica KEMPEL was born October 14, 1734, in Vielbach, Hesse-Nassau, Germany and was christened November 21, 1734, in Nordhof. Of Gerlach's three sons, we know the most about John and his family, because of the survival of his family Bible. The date of his birth as entered in the Bible in New Jersey matches exactly, to the day, the date entered in the Nordhof parish registers. He married January 21, 1766, Anna Maria GRAFF. She was born May 3, 1747, in Amwell, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, the daughter of Henry GRAFF and one of his wives, either Anna HARLEY or Anna ACKER. Henry Graff had come over much earlier and, after spending some time in Germantown, Pennsylvania, had settled in Amwell around 1724. He was originally from Neuwied, Germany, only about 30 kilometers from Vielbach, and, according to Omer Loop's records, is supposed to have been the brother of the Duke of Neuwied. Three of his sons settled in Sussex County, NJ, where Christian Lupp's sons also settled. John LUPP and Anna Maria GRAFF had eleven children, at least eight of whom lived to adulthood. Of their four sons only two are known to have married, and only one, William LUPP, is known to have produced male offspring. John LUPP removed from Amwell to New Brunswick, New Jersey, sometime between 1766 and 1776. He claimed losses to the British of £313.15.6 in the period 1776 to 1777. He and his sons William, Charles and Lawrence were silversmiths and clockmakers. Anna Maria LUPP died in February, 1805, and John died October 6, of the following year. In his will, dated April and proved October of 1805, he leaves the family Bible to his oldest daughter Catherine Boureau. He leaves his tools and shop furniture to his eldest son William, and the rest of his estate he divides up among the remaining children. Of particular interest, he divides "the legacy due after the death of widow Graff" among his four surviving daughters. Widow Graff was most likely his mother-in-law.

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The children of John LUPP and Anna Maria GRAFF were:

+          1.  William LUPP, b. December 25, 1766, in NJ, m. January 22, 1800, Margaret HODGE. He d. July 13, 1845, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

+          2.  Catherine LUPP, b. March 15, 1768, m. December 17, 1797, Peter Nicholas BOUREAU of Santo Domingo, presumably Dominican Republic, of French descent. She d. 1820, in Witham (according to Bible record). In 1850, widow Catherine BOUREAU is living with the family of her deceased sister's husband Thomas LANGSTROTH, and her widowed sister, Sarah HOWELL.  This makes it very likely that Thomas LANGSTROTH's second wife, Hannah E., in the census, is Catherine's daughter Hannah E. BOUREAU.  Peter Nicholas BOUREAU and Catherine LUPP had children:

a.    Hannah E. BOUREAU, b. 1802.  She m. between 1820 and 1830, her Aunt Mary's widower, Thomas LANGSTROTH, see below for their chilren.

b.    Henry Peter N. BOUREAU, m. Caroline BOWER.

c.    Henrietta BOUREAU, b. 1803.

d.    Mary Frances BOUREAU, m. Christopher LANGSTROTH.

e.    Thomas BOUREAU, d. infant.

+          3.  Maria LUPP, b. November 3, 1771, d. September, 1772.

+          4.  Sarah LUPP, b. September 15, 1773, m. Daniel or David HOWELL of Ewing County, NJ. She d. October 11, 1868, Philadelphia, PA. No children.


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+          5.  Mary LUPP, b. March 6, 1775, m. October 29, 1803, Thomas LANGSTROTH of Germantown, PA, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ. He was b. 1766. She d. February 9, 1827, at Millham, near Trenton, NJ, and is buried at the First Presbyterian Church in Trenton, Mercer County, NJ. He remarried to Mary's niece Hannah E. BOUREAU, by whom he had five more children.  By his first wife, Mary LUPP, he had eight children:

a.    Catherine Clifford LANGSTROTH, b. 1804, m. (1) 1825, James Elliot MOORE., m. (2) Timothy CHISMAN or London, England.

b.    Sarah Josephine LANGSTROTH, b. 1806, d. 1835 of cholera.

c.    Thomas H. LANGSTROTH, b. 1808.

d.    Caroline Frances LANGSTROTH, b. 1809, d. 1809.

e.    Caroline Frances LANGSTROTH, b. 1810, d. 1828.

f.    Mary Melvina LANGSTROTH, b. 1812.

g.    Amanda L. LANGSTROTH, b. 1814, d. 1842.

h.    Margaretta E. LANGSTROTH, b. 1816.

By his second wife, Hannah E. BOUREAU, he had children:

i.    Thomas LANGSTROTH, b. abt. 1830 in NJ.

j.    Caroline F. LANGSTROTH, b. 1832, in NJ.

k.    Cyrus C. LANGSTROTH, b. abt. 1834, in NJ.

l.    Edward F. LANGSTROTH, b. 1836, in NJ.

m.   William H. LANGSTROTH, b. abt. 1841, in PA.

+          6.  Frances (Fanny) LUPP, b. August 6, 1777, m. December 2, 1797, George F. HOPKINS. She d. November 19, 1808.

+          7.  Hannah LUPP, b. March 9, 1780, d. before 1805.

+          8.  Margaret LUPP, b. September 29, 1781, d. March 20, 1782.

+          9.  Lawrence K. LUPP, b. August 16, 1783, m. January 12, 1806, Hannah WOODEN, at New Brunswick, NJ. He d. between 1812 and 1815 in Plattsburg, Clinton County, NY, of fever, while serving in the War of 1812.

+        10.  John LUPP, b. December 7, 1785.

+        11.  Charles LUPP, b. September 30, 1788. He never married. He worked with his brother William, selling and taking orders. He served in the War of 1812 as a private in Capt. Ephraim G. MacKay's company of riflemen, 3rd Regiment NJ detailed militia, serving from September 5, 1814, to December 9, 1814. He d. November 23, 1825, of consumption, at Millham, near Trenton, Mercer County, NJ, and is interred at the First Presbyterian Church in Trenton.

Jacob LOOP [Christian(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the first son of Christian LUPP and his wife Maria, was born September 22, 1756, probably in Hunterdon County, NJ. In 1778-1780, he appears in the tax records of Kingwood Township, Hunterdon County, NJ. In May of 1792, he served as a witness for the will of William King of Kingwood Township. He shortly thereafter moved to Sussex County to some of the land bequeathed him by his father Christian. Jacob died intestate November 29, 1794, at only 38 years old. On all records of Sussex County, his last name is spelled "LOOP", as is his brother Christopher's. There is nothing to indicate that Jacob ever married or had children. Jacob is listed in his administration bond as being of Hardwick, Sussex County, and his brother Christopher Loop, also of Hardwick, is his executor. He is buried in the churchyard of the Yellow Frame Church, near the boundary between Greene and Stillwater Townships of Sussex County, but his grave actually lies just over the Warren County line. His tombstone has the following inscription:

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In Remembrance

of Jacob Loop. He was

born September the

22nd 1756 and died the

29th Day of November

1794 Aged 38 Years

2 Months & 7 Days

All flesh is like grass

& the goodliness there

of is as the flower of

the field Isaiah Chap 40:6

Christopher LOOP [Christian(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the second son of Christian LUPP and his wife Maria, was born about 1758, probably in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. There is some confusion in the records. Though Christian LUPP lists sons Jacob and Christian (I have not seen the original and the abstract may be in error), the two LOOP's who show up on the land bequeathed by Christian in Sussex County, are Jacob and Christopher LOOP. That there was a Christopher LOOP in New Jersey of the right age to be Christian LUPP's son is verified by the following newspaper ad:

One Hundred Dollars Reward: Broke out of Trenton gaol last night, the two following villains, viz. Christopher Loop, about six feet high, black straight hair, swarthy complexion, and is a down looking fellow, resembles an Indian, and is very much pitted with small-pox; he is about 20 years old. Also Philip Beven, about five feet six or seven inches high, short hair and full faced, a down looking fellow, very much pitted with small-pox, has a scar on the right side of his nose, and is about 21 years old. It is needless to describe their cloaths, as they will probably change them. Whoever takes up the said villains, shall have Fifty Dollars for each, paid by Hugh Russel, Gaoler. Trenton, October 4, 1778.

Note that this ad was placed during the revolution and Christopher Loop may have been a political prisoner. By 1793, both Christopher and Jacob had taken up residence in Sussex County, New Jersey. Christopher LOOP was the executor of Jacob's probate in 1794, and both are listed as being of Hardwick Township. Both appear in the descriptions of other people's property, and apparently have land in Stillwater Township, which was once part of Hardwick Township. There is nothing to indicate that Christopher LOOP ever married. He died intestate before March 31, 1812. The inventory of his estate reads like that of a bachelor. It contains the following:

Wearing apparel, blue thorn[?] linen yarn, stockings & woolen yarn 6.45

Woolen yarn, 2 red quilts, 2 pillows, 3 sheets, 1 wooling rug 3.41

1 gown, 1 gun, 1 loom, 5 ?, 3 reeds, 3 ?, 1 quil wheel and swifts 11.75

warping bars & rattle, 1 ax, 1 saw, 1 bittle and zurdges, 1 half bushel 3.50

1 basket & beans, 1 chest, 1 hamer & anvil, 1 brush, 4 shittles 2.46

2 reed baskets & flour, 4 chairs, 1 tablesway [?] & ?, 1 cow bell 1.87

1 pot & firkin, 3 casks, 8 plates, 3 cannisters, 1 lot of queensware? 2.17

spoons & knives, 1 lot of ?, 3 tin cups, 1 tea kettle, ladle 1.10

1 hone, 1 flax, 1 ?, 1 candlestick & grate, 1 looking glass & bottle 2.82

1 table, 1 box & sundries, 1 lot of books, 1 ?, 1 ? 3.50

1 bushel potatoes, 1 pitchfork, 1 bed quilt, ? 8.25

1 bunch linen yarn, 1 pigeon net, 1 chest & drawer 1.15

1 lot of shingles, 1 pot 3.80

Henry LUPP [Peter(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the only son of Peter LUPP and Phoebe OGDEN was born July 16, 1760, and christened July 27, 1760, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey. He was married August 16, 1788, Mary VICKERS, the daughter of Joseph VICKERS and Sarah WALKER. She was born August 12, 1761. The family records from Henry LUPP's family Bible are published in the Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, v. 34, p. 93. Henry LUPP was a silversmith of some repute. From the book The Silversmiths of New Jersey, by Carl M. Williams, 1949:

Henry Lupp ranks with the principal silversmiths who worked during the era of the Early Republic, when the classic or urn-shaped designs of Robert Adam where introduced in America. Unlike many of the early members of this trade, Lupp's entire career was associated with the place of his birth. He had no cause to search for greener fields; in New Brunswick he was in the midst of a rich agricultural region inhabited by prosperous English, Dutch, and German families. There was a demand for the better type of household equipment and although craftsmen were attracted from the outside, the firmly established Lupp family of silversmiths had little to fear from competitors. While several other members of the Lupp family were associated with one another in business from time to time, Henry conducted his shop independently of his relatives. On October 16, 1788, he was married to Mary Vickers, of a local English family, and left the old Reformed Dutch Church. He was one of the committee organized to have this church rebuilt after it had been partly destroyed during the Revolution. A large amount of hollow ware and spoons was produced by Henry Lupp. The Rynier Veghte silver illustrates the ingenuity of this craftsman. The composition of the Veghte cream pot seems to have been a design of his own creation. Rather than use the conventional helmut style creamer as a companion for the sugar urn, he brought forth a pattern closely harmonious with the contour of that piece, even to the pierced gallery. This cream pot is not believed to have been copied by other silversmiths. A nice detail of the sugar bowl is its turned wooden finial, probably a fortunate substitution used in the absence of the usual silver urn or pineapple knob. Henry Lupp is known to have used at least four types of mark. The soup ladle ties in two varieties. It bears an almost microscopic touch of H L capitals in a rectangle, and H L script in a larger rectangle. The beaker engraved with the inscription N. BRUNSWICK DUtCH CHURCH, is owned by the First Reformed Church in New Brunswick, and is marked H Lupp script in a rectangle. The sugar urn which was made for Rynier Veghte, of Somerville, exhibits the latter touch with the additional mark of N.Brunswick in a shaped rectangle. Henry Lupp's capabilities seem to have been unlimited. In all probability he actually made all the wide variety of silver articles listed in the advertisement which appeared at the start of his business, and fifteen years later, on September 25, 1798, an announcement in The Guardian, or New-Brunswick Advertiser, shows that this ambitious silversmith had taken on the profession of dentist. The "Artificial Teeth" which he was prepared to set were of his own manufacture. In making his initial bow to the residents of New Brunswick for their patronage, Henry Lupp chose a newspaper which is now a scarce document. His advertisement is on page one, of volume one, and number one of The Political Intelligencer and New-Jersey Advertiser for Tuesday, October 14, 1783. The imprint of this newspaper is "New-Brunswick: Printed by Kollock And Arnett, At the Barracks."





makes and sells the following articles, in the modern

and ancient mode:

SILVER TANKARDS, coffee and tea-pots, sugar pots and urns, cream

pots and urns, pint and half pint cans, waiters, soup and punch ladles,

sauce-boats and ladles, table, pap, desert and tea spoons, shoe, knee

and stock buckles, thimbles, sleeve-buttons, &c. &c. &c.


Stone stock and knee buckles, locket buttons, gold lockets and buttons,

ladies handkercheif slides, bosom pins, plain and garnet gold broaches,

a great variety of gold rings, garnet ear-rings together with other

things as usual

N.B. Hair-work laid in the neatest manner. October 13, 1783

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Henry LUPP died November 26, 1800. His wife survived him 45 years, and died, September 8, 1845/6. Both are buried in Christ Churchyard, New Brunswick, New Jersey. The children of Henry LUPP and Mary VICKERS were:

+        1. Samuel Vickers LUPP, b. August 22, 1789, in New Jersey, d. November 2, 1809. According to The Silversmiths of New Jersey he was working as a silversmith when he died, though he was only 20 years old, having been trained by his grandfather after his father's death.

+        2. Anne Frances LUPP, b. March 22, 1792, in New Jersey, d. January 24, 1823.

+        3. Peter Scott LUPP, b. May 7, 1796, in New Jersey, d. January 31, 1827, and buried in Christ Churchyard, New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

+        4. Sarah Neville LUPP, b. August 2, 1798, d. December 24, 1822. She is buried in Christ Church Episcopal Churchyard, New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ.

William LUPP [John(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the first child of John LUPP and Anna Maria GRAFF, was born December 25, 1766, near New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey. He married Margaret HODGE on January 22, 1800. She was the daughter of Capt. John HODGE. She was born May 1, 1771, in New York. According to one of his granddaughters, William Lupp was "mild, unassuming, but of great worth, intelligent and true." In 1843, he received the following letter from an uncle in Canada:

To: Mr. William Lupp Clockmaker or hiss son Loyer Lupp

From: [Isaac Graff] Richman Hill, Youngstreet near Toronto Upar Canad

Dearley Beloved Neaphew,

I take this Opertunaty to infirm you that I am still alive and that I have got past working and am in very stratened sercumsances. I have been existing on charaty for nearly twelve months as ther is no pouar laws in forse hear. You wrat to me stating that your son wass a loyer. I want him to look after an estat of my brothers that died without a will. I am informed hee had no children by his wief and I had two sisters mareyed 2 brothers by the name of Moore, names Henery and Peter. My brother wass mareyed to their othar brother's onley chield. Your cousin Landis lives within 2 miles of whear my brother lived. William Acker wass hiss name. I ruened my self with intemparence during all the best part of my lief. But thanks bee to god I have broak of from it. I have not took any strong drink for nearley three years and if the lord spares mee with what smoal facaltey I have left I will neaver taste it more, and if you could procuar mee aney means of subsist eathar to soport mee hear or to enable mee to com to you it will bee thankfulley receved. I am in absolute kneed and hope that my friends will not sht their bowls of copashon aganst mee tho a progegal. Monne can bee convay by a bil on the bank of Upar Canada. Please direct to mee by my friend and preasent benefactor John Atkinson Millar, Richman Hill, Youngstreet near Toronto UC Thorn Hill post office. So to conclude, I remane youer ever loving afectinate un worthy uncle,

Isaac Graff


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The following is from The Silversmiths of New Jersey:

There is an abundance of evidence to show that William Lupp was a working gold and silversmith. Two of his account books survive; a document dated 1801, describes him as a goldsmith, and many other contemporary records attest his calling. In the light of this proof, and the fact that he was active in New Brunswick for a half century, it is difficult to believe that no work by this man has been identified. Inquiry in New Brunswick and among silver collectors has failed to locate a single example by him. Two of William Lupp's account books, covering the periods 1801-1810, and 1825-1827, are in the collections of Rutgers University Library. If the hundreds of entries in these books are representative of his work, then it is evident that William Lupp specialized in gold and silver jewelry, and spoons. He apparently made hundreds of gold rings. In his will, dated January 1, 1806, John Dennis, Senior, of North Brunswick, Middlesex County, ordered nine mourning rings to be made by William Lupp "with my hair and given to my children." Like the cabinetmakers and other craftsmen of that day, silversmiths were called upon to do a wide variety of work not directly related to their trade. In 1804, Mr. Garnet paid William Lupp to tune and repair his piano, Colonel Neilson had his "specks" repaired, and another resident of New Brunswick brought a broken umbrella. On September 1, 1805, he began to take care of the town clock. In his will, dated August 17, 1833, William Lupp bequeathed his tools and shop furniture to his son, John H. Lupp, who had been active with him in trade for a number of years.

William Lupp specified the following in a will dated 1833 and here abstracted by an unknown hand:

To son John H., tools and shop and if he wants to go into business for himself, $500 to be advanced. Wife Margaret, daughter Margaret wife of W.S. Thomson, Son Wm H. Lupp, Mary G. Lupp, Charles H. Lupp, Elizabeth E. Lupp, Emaline F. Lupp. Estate into seven shares upon death of his wife. Advance of $300 to a daughter when she marries. Wife and William H. Lupp Executors.

William LUPP died July 13, 1845, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey. His widow died February 10, 1861. The children of William LUPP and Margaret HODGE were [note: son Charles LEUPP convinced all the children to change the spelling of their name to LEUPP]:

+        1.  Margaret Hodge LEUPP, b. October 29, 1800, in New Jersey, m. September 11, 1827, William S. THOMSON of Somerville, Somerset County, NJ. He was b. about 1801 in Maine. He was a lawyer. They had children: Margaret THOMSON, b. about 1829; Anna THOMSON, b. about 1932; William Leupp THOMSON, b. about 1834, d. September 21, 1889; Mary THOMSON, b. about 1836; Catherine THOMSON, b. about 1838; and Laura THOMSON, b. about 1842.

+        2.  John Hodge LEUPP, b. December 24, 1801, in New Jersey. He d. 1876, unmarried. He was a silversmith like his father.

+        3.  William Hopkins LEUPP, b. September 24, 1804, m. Cornelia BEACH. He d. August 23, 1874.

+        4.  Mary Graff LEUPP, b. March 22, 1806, in New Jersey, d. March 7, 1876. According to her cousin, she was "sensible, educated, clever, full of repartee, and kind and true." She never married.

+        5.  Charles Mortimer LEUPP, b. October 14, 1807, in New Jersey, m. 1836/7, Laura LEE. He d. October 5, 1859, a suicide.

+        6.  Elizabeth Emma LEUPP, b. October 4, 1809, in New Jersey, m. April 8, 1834, Cornelius VANDERVEER, son of Henry and Eleanor VANDERVEER. According to her cousin she was "stately, tall, dignified, musical, in conversational powers excelling." Her husband was a farmer. She d. November 17, 1844. He d. November 17, 1859, in a railroad accident. They had children: William Leupp VANDERVEER, b. 1835, m. Hannah Elizabeth SQUIER; John Henry VANDERVEER, b. 1836, d. 1866; Margaret Hodge VANDERVEER, b. 1839; Elizabeth Emma VANDERVEER, b. 1844, m. Van Brunt BERGEN.

+        7.  Emmeline Frances LEUPP, b. October 3, 1811, in New Jersey, d. November 20, 1848, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, NJ, unmarried. According to her cousin, she was "a lovely flower, a blooming rose, who bloomed and faded in her youth. Fragrant of duty, love and truth."

Lawrence K. LUPP [John(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)], the ninth child of John LUPP and Anna Maria GRAFF was born August 16, 1783. He married January 12, 1806, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Hannah WOODEN. From The Silversmiths of New Jersey we have:

William Lupp [Lawrence's brother] recorded in his account book that "Lawrence Began his board with me the Tenth Feb'y (1805)." ... Lawrence Lupp was employed as a journeyman by his brother for a little more than a year, and then announced to the residents of New Brunswick that he was ready to serve them in his own shop. His advertisement in the Guardian, or New-Brunswick Advertiser, May 1, 1806, states that Lawrence K. Lupp, Gold Smith and Jeweller, was located "Opposite the Post Office, New Brunswick," Teaspoons showing two varieties of his mark have been seen by the writer...

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Lawrence K. LUPP died between 1812 and 1815 in Plattsburg, Clinton County, New York, of fever, while serving in the war of 1812. The children of Lawrence K. LUPP and Hannah WOODEN were:

+        1.  Charlotte LUPP.

+        2.  Mary Lawrence LUPP, who, according to a cousin "grew to womanhood, energetic, useful, clever." She d. in Somerville, Somerset County, NJ.

+        3.  Ida LUPP.

+        4.  Margaret Wooden LUPP.

William Hopkins LEUPP [William LUPP(6), John(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)] the third child of William LUPP and Margaret HODGE was born September 24, 1804, probably in New Jersey. He attended

Columbia College, graduating in 1825. Rutgers University owns very interesting letters between him and some of his college friends. In them it is revealed that he suffered from depression, and probably used cocaine (which wasn't illegal at the time).

He married Cornelia BEACH of Cheshire, Connecticut. She was born in Connecticut. He was a highly respected lawyer, a member of the New Jersey State Senate and was the mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1845 and 1846. In 1846, Cornelia Beach Leupp visited New York City, and sent the following interesting letter home to her daughter Julia:

My Dear Julia,

On Friday morning I dispatched a letter to your father, which I trust he has received. In that I promised my next communication should be for you, so now I redeem my pledge.

Lest I should forget the most important item, I will give it the first place in my letter; which is, to request your aunt Augusta to lose no time in securing the remnants of carpeting at Mr. Daytons's, for I have made a fruitless attempt to match either one of the three.

Little Mary has been very much amused with the sights of Broadway. Nothing however delights her so much as the rides in the stages. She is unwilling to get out, and always says I have had a "fine ride". Yesterday morning we visited Stewarts new store; it is magnificent. The building far surpassed my expectations. The goods are most beautifully arrnged. There were dresses for 150 dollars, shawls from the lowest prices varying from 80, 200, 500, 600, 1000, 1500. A lace scarf for 150 and a pocket handkerchiefs for 60 and 80 dollars. A lady told your uncle Turner she had seen one embroidered by one girl who worked on it a year, and died in consequence. It was sold for 500.

From Stewarts we went [to see a] model of NYork. It gives one a very correct idea of the city, and displays great patience on the part of the maker, but is not beautiful to the beholder.

On Sunday morning Elisabeth escorted me to Grace Church. It is too gorgeous to please my fancy, but most beautiful as a specimen of art (if one can so express herself). Not suitable for a place of worship. I took my seat in the Misses Wells pew, and the sermon might as well have been preached in an unknown tongue, for I could not comprehend, or rather hear one sentence from Dr. Taylor who evidently made a great effort. The singing is most enchanting. Miss Northall is one of the performers.

You must tell your aunt Emmeline that Mrs Patterson's trial is to come on next Thursday. Miss ? has been in hopes she should be able to leave town, but is trembling lest she may be compelled to come forward as a witness. They depend upon your aunt I should judge from what I hear from Mrs Lawrence.

Jane Carr has just come in and of course is surprised to see her favorite little Molly who recognized her immediately.

This morning I had intended to visit Amity St. but this arrival from Newark will prevent my going as I had intended to take Mary with me. Jane will not like to lose any of her society.

Mr. and Mrs. Ogilby were here on Saturday evening, with about four or five students.

I wish, my dear Julia you would request your Aunt Augusta to send me my ticket for the National Gallery. She will find it in my desk and can enclose it in an envelope. I hope there is a letter on the way for me from your father. I feel very desirous to hear how your aunt passes her nights with dear Willie. Mary will not venture in the bath. She is fond of seeing the water flow. Josey continues to take his at twelve o'clock when he comes home to take a lunch.

Elisabeth and Herbert are at school and your aunt Amelia is very well, sitting in the room sewing. Last evening she went with your uncle Turner to hear Dr. Tyng in Eigthth St. Mrss Turner is making pickles, and you know how I am employed without my telling you. Youmust give my best love to your grandmother and aunties, to aunt Rattoone, Mrs. Wells, Mrs. Pool, kisses for father, aunt Augusta, yourself, and Willie. Remember me also to Bridget and Ann. Ever your loving Mother, Cornelia B. Leupp.

William H. Leupp died August 23, 1874. None of their seven children ever married. In 1900, all the surviving children except Burrage were living together in a house in New Brunswick, with two servants. The children of William Hopkins LEUPP and Cornelia BEACH were:

+        1.  Julia B. LEUPP, b. July, 1838, in NJ, never married. In 1900 resided in New Brunswick, NJ, with her brothers and sisters.

+        2.  Mary LEUPP, b. about 1843, d. about 1887, unmarried.

+        3.  William LEUPP, d. February 28, 1842, aged 15 months 7 days.

+        4.  William H. LEUPP, b. January, 1845, in NJ, never married. In 1900 resided in New Brunswick, NJ. He was Vice President of the Farmers Loan and Trust Company in 1896-1900.

+        5.  Burrage Beach LEUPP, b. August, 1847, in NJ, never married. He was a farmer and lawyer. In 1900 he resided in Franklin Township, Somerset County, NJ.

+        6.  John Hodge (Jack) LEUPP, b. July, 1850, in NJ, never married. He was a lawyer. In 1900 he resided in New Brunswick, NJ.

+        7.  Cornelia L. LEUPP, b. July, 1853, in NJ, never married. In 1900 she resided in New Brunswick, NJ.



Text Box:

Charles Mortimer LEUPP [William LUPP(6), John(5), Gerlach(4), Jacob(3), Sebastian(2), Anthony(1)] the fifth child of William LUPP and Margaret HODGE was born October 14, 1807, in New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey. At 15 he left New Brunswick and came to work in New York City as a clerk for leather merchant Gideon Lee, who later made him a partner. In 1826, he was a member of the Lafayette's Guard, 1st NY Artillery, 2nd Artillery Regiment, 2nd Company. This was obviously a militia unit. Charles M. LEUPP married Laura LEE, a daughter of his partner, Gideon LEE. Gideon Lee was very wealthy and was mayor of New York City in 1833/4. Charles M. LEUPP became a millionaire, making his fortune in the leather tanning business and through inheritance from his father-in-law. He travelled in Germany and found old LÜPP tombstones and decided that the name in English should be spelled LEUPP. He convinced all his siblings and also some distantly related cousins to change the spelling of their names. His wife died about 1841 or 1842, probably in childbirth. His own death was a sad one. Here is an account from A Very Social History by Kate Simon:

Of a family named Gould that settled in Connecticut in the mid-seventh century, Jay Gould was, like all robber barons, a boy who knew very early what he wanted - a great deal of money - ... At twenty he was already in charge of a Pennsylvania tannery, one of several owned by former Congressman Pratt. To know more about the leather market he came to New York, observed the larger markets, organized his new information and stepped onto his sinuous path of high finance. With Pratt money he established himself as Jay Gould and Company,... Two of his backers, the prosperous Charles Leupp and his brother-in-law David W. Lee, would own two-thirds of the tannery for their investment of sixty thousand dollars. Without their knowledge, Gould used their money to try to corner the hide market. Several markets fell apart in 1857, with them hides, and Gould could not cover his futures bought on margin. Demands for payment came to the reputable Leupp whose credit Gould had used while he squandered his investment. Not prepared for this new-style rapacity, humiliated by a twenty-one-year-old crook, his reputation sullied, Leupp shot himself. When Lee, of stronger stuff, insisted on getting the sixty thousand back, Gould agreed to return it over six years at no interest. The infuriated Lee brought in men to take the Gouldsboro plant. Militarily, the victory was Gould's but Lee was tenacious and a lawyer and the legal battles proved too draining. The tannery closed down...

According to his brother-in-law and partner, David Williamson Lee, Charles M. Leupp had been for some time before his death suffering from mental problems including severe paranoia, hallucinations and depression, to the extent that his family was looking into having him institutionalized. Charles Mortimer LEUPP died October 5, 1859, at his residence located at the corner of Madison Avenue and 25th Street in New York City, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the heart. His friend William Cullen Bryant, the famous poet, eulogized him in the newspapers and was one of his pall-bearers. Newspaper reports say he was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in New York City, but a large stone exists for him in Christ Churchyard in New Brunswick, New Jersey. In the newspaper abstract of his will, he is said to have mentioned "three daughters". But in different places the abstract names four; Jane, Laura, Isabella, and Margaret. He names Isabella Lee the guardian of the children. She is apparently the children's grandmother. The children of Charles Mortimer LOOP and Laura LEE were:

+        1.  Laura LEUPP, b. about 1838, probably in New York City, NY.

+        2.  Isabella LEUPP, b. about 1841, probably in New York City, NY.

+        3.  Margaret LEUPP, b. about 1842, probably in New York City, NY.
























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